Equine Amino by Balanced Equine - Carol Layton
Balanced Equine 'Equine Amino' is a quality blend of essential amino acids based on Dr Eleanor Kellon's VMD recommendations.
This blend includes three of the essential amino acids* that are considered to be the most likely deficient in a horse's intake and can make a difference with topline and muscle building, and hoof quality: lysine, methionine and threonine.
Combined in Equine Amino, these amino acids help to support performance, strong muscles and healthy weight.
Dr Kellon recommends:
10 - 20 g lysine
5 - 10 g methionine
2 - 4 g threonine
How much to supplement your horse is not per se based on bodyweight or workload but how much your horse is deficient in quality protein, however the higher the bodyweight or workload, the higher the requirements.
If your horse is less than 450 kg, the lower feeding rate may be sufficient.
I chose not to make a product that contains minerals AND amino acids as not all horses need additional supplementation and the products that are a combination of both either have poor levels of minerals or too low levels of amino acids (or both). If your horse is on a high-quality protein intake (pasture improved grasses, actively growing for example) it's far less likely you need additional amino acids. Protein/amino acids are the most expensive nutrient to supplement.
*An essential amino acid is one which has to come from the intake, as the other type, non-essential amino acids can be manufactured by the horse.
36 g Equine Amino will provide the full complement of these amino acids; 20 g lysine, 10 g methionine and 4 g threonine.
18 g will provide the lower level of amino acids; 10 g lysine, 5 g methionine and 2 g threonine.
1 level metric tablespoon (20 ml volume) contains ~11 g Equine Amino.
Protein is the key component required for muscle building and in hooves, the hoof wall is about 93% protein on a dry matter basis.
Amino acids are the building blocks of protein, some like lysine, methionine and threonine are known as ‘essential’ which means that they have to come from what the horse eats and others like alanine and glutamine are ‘non-essential’, they can be manufactured by the horse.
The three amino acids considered the most likely deficient are:
The number one 'limiting' amino acid known to limit muscle development.
This amino acid can make a difference more with muscle function rather than bulk because methionine combines with lysine for form the amino acid carnitine, a carrier required for the muscle to burn fat. It's known as a structural amino acid which means it's found in all the proteins of the body, from skeletal muscle to haemoglobin, antibodies and enzymes. Also required for the initiation of building proteins in the body. Insufficient methionine can play a role in crumbling and cracking hooves.
The next limiting amino acid after lysine, threonine can also limit the ability to build muscle and inhibits fat accumulation in the liver. It is an immunostimulant, promoting the thymus gland which as a very important role to play in the immune system.
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